Douglas McGregor and Theory X & Theory Y: Process of Model of Motivation
Douglas McGregor offers us two theories for the price of one: Theory X & Theory Y. But, in truth, they largely represent two ends of a spectrum of approaches to management and motivation. They are the logical development of the work Elton May did and his conclusions on Scientific Management.
Watching this video is worth 2 Management Courses CPD Points*.
(See below for more details)
This video is part of course module number 3.7.2
Program 3: Managing and Leading Individuals
Course 7: Motivation
Section 2: Process Models of Motivation
Primary videos about Process Models of Motivation include:
– Elton Mayo and the Hawthorne Experiment https://youtu.be/jRMO43s5NGY
– Victor Vroom and Expectancy Theory https://youtu.be/WDgF7Avijlc
– John Stacy Adams and Equity Theory https://youtu.be/ksnCw96vg7M
– Douglas McGregor and Theory X & Theory Y https://youtu.be/fS5iqEf1Azs
Primary Content (or needs) Models of Motivation videos include:
– Abraham Maslow and The Hierarchy of Needs https://youtu.be/gz5zNx3KnrE
– Clayton Alderfer and ERG Theory https://youtu.be/a01zosRYGnk
– Frederick Herzberg and Two Factor Theory https://youtu.be/f_qyDfZYfXQ
– David McClelland and Three Motivational Needs Theory https://youtu.be/jxNhGE3gPcA
Theory X managers work on the assumptions we need to provide clear incentives or threats to compel people to do their work. Their approach is to tell people what to do. They expect compliance and motivate in a highly transactional way.
Theory Y managers have a different set of assumptions. They believe people want to do good work, and give them opportunities to attain satisfaction from doing so.
1. If you have not yet watched our video on Elton Mayo and The Hawthorne experiment, please do so. (1 MC CPD Point)
2. How does this video relate to the Elton mayo video? (1 MC CPD Point)
3. What are your own attitudes to Theory X and Theory Y management? Which do you prefer for yourself? Reflect on what your own experiences and make notes in your journal, notebook, or workbook. (2 MC CPD Points)
4. What seem to be the attitudes to Theory X and Theory Y management among the people who work for you? Reflect on what your own experiences and make notes in your journal, notebook, or workbook. (2 MC CPD Points)
5. As a manager, where is your prevailing style, on the spectrum from Theory X to Theory Y management? How well suited is this to your work environment? Reflect on what your own experiences and be brutally honest with yourself. Make notes in your journal, notebook, or workbook. (2 MC CPD Points)
For a solid introduction to motivation:
– HBR Guide to Motivating People https://geni.us/sO2IKgn
The best of modern thinking on motivation, in accessible business books. These are all modern classics:
– Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us https://geni.us/uq3EBO
– Start With Why: How Great Leaders Inspire Everyone To Take Action https://geni.us/vjErAN
– Lead, Motivate, Engage: How to INSPIRE Your Team to Win at Work https://geni.us/ABkZEx
– Multipliers, Revised and Updated: How the Best Leaders Make Everyone Smart https://geni.us/E39I
– Payoff: The Hidden Logic That Shapes Our Motivations https://geni.us/uMaP
– The Progress Principle: Using Small Wins to Ignite Joy, Engagement, and Creativity at Work https://geni.us/tiEkeH
Management Courses Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Points
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Links to our book recommendations are affiliated through Amazon