Lesson notes, exercises, downloads, and recommended reading are below the video. On mobile, the video will rescale when you play it.


Edward Lawler: Vroom Enhanced with Two Types of Expectancy

Victor Vroom’s Expectancy Theory of motivation is, perhaps, my favorite model of how motivation works. And my video on it is one of the most-watched on this channel. But Edward Lawler expanded on it in a small, but important way. He gave us ‘Vroom Enhanced’ with two types of expectancy.

Our Vroom video:
Victor Vroom and Expectancy Theory: Process of Model of Motivation
https://youtu.be/WDgF7Avijlc

Watching this video is worth 2 Management Courses CPD Points*.
(See below for more details)

This video is part of course module number 3.7.2
Program 3: Managing and Leading Individuals
Course 7: Motivation
Section 2: Process Models of Motivation

Check out our full Motivation playlist at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL6vWkk9L7LeE7ly5r-rFBoi0gt1o3yKhH

Videos you may also like:
🎬 The Fundamentals of Motivation – Motives, Drives, and being Blocked https://youtu.be/IVjnAZ-8-dY
🎬 John Stacy Adams and Equity Theory: Process of Model of Motivation https://youtu.be/ksnCw96vg7M
🎬 Rensis Likert and High Producing Managers – Process Models of Motivation https://youtu.be/MTgkCe_hhWs
🎬 Edwin Locke: Goal-Setting Theory of Motivation https://youtu.be/737RGCTC1aE

LESSON NOTES
============
A quick recap of Vroom’s model:
M = E x I x V
• Expectancy
• Instrumentality
• Valence

Lawler’s research suggested that this expectancy is really a combination of two:

The First Expectancy (E-P)
Perception of the probability that effort leads to performance. Clearly, this is linked most closely to self-confidence and knowledge of our own capabilities, along with our assessment of the task and how hard it is.

The Second Expectancy (P-O)
Perception of the probability that performance leads to outcomes. This expectancy is more about our belief in y=the extent to which we can control the outcomes, or how much they are a matter of chance.

So, we have:
M = E1 xE2 x I x V

RECOMMENDED EXERCISE
======================
If you have not already done so, take a look at our video on Victor Vroom’s theory: Victor Vroom and Expectancy Theory: Process of Model of Motivation https://youtu.be/WDgF7Avijlc
Now, consider Edward Lawler’s two types of expectancy. To what extent do they resonate with you and add to Vroom’s theory? (2 MC CPD Points)

DOWNLOADS
===========
Free Resources
– CPD Tools – https://gum.co/MC-CPD
Paid resources
– Management Courses Onboarding Kit – https://gum.co/MC-ObK ($3)

RECOMMENDED READING
=====================
For a solid introduction to motivation:
– HBR Guide to Motivating People https://geni.us/sO2IKgn

The best of modern thinking on motivation, in accessible business books. These are all modern classics:
– Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us https://geni.us/uq3EBO
– Start With Why: How Great Leaders Inspire Everyone To Take Action https://geni.us/vjErAN
– Lead, Motivate, Engage: How to INSPIRE Your Team to Win at Work https://geni.us/ABkZEx
– Multipliers, Revised and Updated: How the Best Leaders Make Everyone Smart https://geni.us/E39I
– Payoff: The Hidden Logic That Shapes Our Motivations https://geni.us/uMaP
– The Progress Principle: Using Small Wins to Ignite Joy, Engagement, and Creativity at Work https://geni.us/tiEkeH

Management Courses Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Points
===========================================================
You can record your Management Courses CPD points on our free, downloadable CPD record log.
Download it here: https://gum.co/MC-CPD

Each video has two levels of MC CPD points. For this video:
– If you simply watched the video, record 2 MC CPD points
– If you also carried out all of the recommended exercises, score a total of 4 MC CPD points
___

Note:
Links to our book recommendations are affiliated through Amazon

#Management #ManagementCourses #VroomEnhanced

source

How Do We Motivate People? Top Process Models of Motivation [Compilation]
What Motivates People? The Top Motivation Models [Compilation]
Porter & Lawler: Expectancy Theory on Steroids
William Ouchi: Theory Z Organizations and Motivation
The Psychology of Motivation: Understand the Basics
Basics of Motivation: Building Morale in your Team
Basics of Motivation: Incentives – do they work?
Hackman and Oldham: Job Characteristics Model of Motivation
Work Orientation Theory: John Goldthorpe and How Attitudes affect Motivation
Edwin Locke: Goal-Setting Theory of Motivation
Daniel Pink and Motivation 3.0 – Content Models of Motivation
Ryan & Deci: Self Determination Theory (SDT) – Content Models of Motivation
Chris Argyris and the Immaturity-Maturity Model of Motivation: Treat People as Adults
Rensis Likert and High Producing Managers – Process Models of Motivation
David McClelland and Three Motivational Needs – Content Theories of Motivation
Clayton Alderfer and ERG Theory – Content Models of Motivation
Frederick Herzberg and the Two-factor Theory – Content Models of Motivation
Abraham Maslow and the Hierarchy of Needs – Content Model of Motivation
Douglas McGregor and Theory X & Theory Y: Process of Model of Motivation
John Stacy Adams and Equity Theory: Process of Model of Motivation
Victor Vroom and Expectancy Theory: Process of Model of Motivation
Elton Mayo and the Hawthorne Experiment: Process of Model of Motivation
The Fundamentals of Motivation – Motives, Drives, and being Blocked
Introduction to Motivation: Key Questions Answered

Mike Clayton

About Mike Clayton 

Dr Mike Clayton is a (former) Project Manager and now a management educator. Having trained thousands of people at live workshops, seminars, and conferences, he now delivers training mainly via video. He has 14 books with international publishers and runs two successful YouTube channels. He is also the founder of OnlinePMCourses.com

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