Lesson notes, exercises, downloads, and recommended reading are below the video. On mobile, the video will rescale when you play it.

Henry Mintzberg’s 4 plus 2 Organizational Types

In his 1979 book, The Structuring of Organizations, Henry Mintzberg classified organizational structures into four organizational types, depending on the complexity of the organization’s operations, and the pace of change it needs to accommodate. He later added two more.

The Structuring of Organizations: https://geni.us/UgFrie

Watching this video is worth 3 Management Courses CPD Points*.
(See below for more details)

The Nature of Organizations
This video is part of course module number 6.1.2
Program 6: Managing within Organizations
Course 1: The Nature of Organizations
Section 2: Organizational Models

Other videos in this section include:
🎬 Edgar Schein’s Two Organizational Cultures – https://youtu.be/9C64CXJw83E
🎬 Charles Handy’s Gods of Management – https://youtu.be/yClxu7dzmB4
🎬 Charles Handy’s Shamrock Organization – https://youtu.be/dGGKT0Mr_HA
🎬 Charles Handy’s Federal Organization Model – https://youtu.be/69AYxCvT7m4
🎬 Charles Handy’s Triple-I Company – https://youtu.be/gFRXiMkIg6k
🎬 The Matrix Organization Model – https://youtu.be/hJ9wbFgmtKM
🎬 Peter Senge’s Learning Organization – https://youtu.be/k1k2h1l2VO0
🎬 Adhocracy – https://youtu.be/7QKm0Y3_Hr0
🎬 The Agile Organization – https://youtu.be/67NVUeFQMy4
🎬 Brian Robertson’s Holacracy – https://youtu.be/hz3khhOLT5E
🎬 Virtual Organizations – https://youtu.be/Hsovj2jPNPA

Machine Bureaucracy
The most ‘traditional-looking’ structure is the machine bureaucracy.
– Rigid hierarchical structure, well suited to routine tasks that need to follow set processes
– Rules to follow
– Communication follows a structure and adheres to reporting lines
– Decision-making is at the top of the organisation
– Professional managers at all levels rule the organisation

Examples are big manufacturing businesses.
This structure can work in many configurations:
• Functional orientation
• Brand or product orientation
• Federal organisation of operating companies

Professional Bureaucracy
Services rather than roducts
– Processes and procedures need more flexibility
– Leadership still controls quality and process
Examples: professional services firms and Government departments.

Entrepreneurial Startup

– Need to adapt and change quickly, so a rigid structure just won’t work
– But the owners and investors want to stay in charge and make all the decisions
– Centralized but able to restructure quickly and nimbly
– Structures are often fairly flat, with only one or two layers between the CEO and the individual producers (often software developers)
– Small, informal, with loose allocation of roles
– Strong leadership from a single chief executive.

– Projects come together, adopt whatever structure they need, and morph as the project evolves
– High degree of self-direction among highly competent team members
– Co-ordination comes not through the structure, but by effective communication between people

Mintzberg has visited this topic again, in 1989, in Mintzberg on Management – https://geni.us/t2lB3. Here, he identified six archetypical organizational models, adding:

Diversified Organizations
– Echoes Charles Handy’s Federal Organization – https://youtu.be/69AYxCvT7m4
– Create a central administrative function to serve a range of operating units that are more or less autonomous. The degree of autonomy seems to vary in cycles with the current cycle creating a high degree of centralisation.

Missionary Organizations
– Driven by a single, clear mission that provides
• the basis for every strategic choice and
• the motivation for employees
Charities and NGOs often fit this description

1. Consider your current organization. Which of Mintzberg’s 6 organizational types best describes it? (2 MC CPD Points)
2. Repeat your assessment for each organization you have worked for. (2 MC CPD Points each)

Free Resources
– CPD Tools – https://gum.co/MC-CPD
Paid resources
– Management Courses Onboarding Kit – https://gum.co/MC-ObK ($3)

– Understanding Organizations https://geni.us/oB774Do
– Images of Organization https://geni.us/hrOemEs
– Inside Organizations: 21 Ideas for Managers https://geni.us/YwwL
– Gods of Management: The Four Cultures of Leadership https://geni.us/bpPeC5

Managers Need a Basic set of kit to do your job well. Here are my top recommendations: https://kit.co/MikeClayton/manager-s-work-kit (the links are affiliated)

Management Courses Continuing Professional Development (CPD) Points
You can record your Management Courses CPD points on our free, downloadable CPD record log.
Download it at: https://gum.co/MC-CPD

Each video has two levels of MC CPD points. For this video:
– If you simply watched the video, record 3 MC CPD points
– If you also carried out all of the recommended exercises, score a total of 5 MC CPD points

Links to our book recommendations are affiliated through Amazon

#Management #ManagementCourses #MintzbergOrganizationalTypes


A Thorough Introduction to Organizational Culture [Compilation]
Introduction to Organizations: A Compilation of our Introductory Videos
What is Globalization?
Kim Cameron: Positive Organizational Scholarship
Charles Handy: Philosopher of Organizations
Edgar Schein: The Master of Organizational Culture
Harold Geneen: Data-driven Charismatic Organization
Chester Barnard: Organizations as Networks of People
Max Weber: The Father of Organizational Theory
How we Work: Geert Hofstede’s 6 Cross-Organization Cultural Dimensions
National Culture within an Organization: Geert Hofstede’s 6 Cultural Dimensions
Quinn and Cameron: Competing Values Model of Organizational Culture
Edgar Schein’s 3 Levels of Organizational Culture
Cultural Web: Johnson & Scholes on Where Culture Originates
Introduction to Organizational Culture
Empowerment: The Organization Giving up its Power
French and Raven: Social Power Bases in Organizations
Power in Organizations: The Power of Governance
Robin Fincham: Three Levels of Organizational Power
Amitai Etzioni: How Organizations Secure Compliance
Organizational Power: What is Power?
Virtual Organizations
Brian Robertson’s Holacracy Organizational Model
The Agile Organization
Adhocracy Organizational Model
Peter Senge’s Learning Organization
The Matrix Organization Model
Charles Handy’s Triple-I Company
Charles Handy’s Federal Organization Model
Charles Handy’s Shamrock Organization
Charles Handy’s Gods of Management
Edgar Schein’s Two Organizational Cultures
Why do we need Organizations? Structure vs Agility
The Features of Organizations: What an Organization Needs
Organizations as Processes: Understanding an Organization as a Set of Processes
Organizations as Structures: Understanding an Organization as a Structure
Morgan’s 8 Organizational Metaphors: An Organization is Like a…
What is an Organization? – the Nature of Organizations

Mike Clayton

About Mike Clayton 

Dr Mike Clayton is a (former) Project Manager and now a management educator. Having trained thousands of people at live workshops, seminars, and conferences, he now delivers training mainly via video. He has 14 books with international publishers and runs two successful YouTube channels. He is also the founder of OnlinePMCourses.com

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